Archive for the ‘Regency’ Category


The Curse of Writing Historical Fiction

April 17, 2015

historical vs fictionSo I write historical fiction, which sometimes feels like a curse I placed upon myself. Like my fortune cookie said:

You will be bogged down by meticulous research and will never, ever know what it was really like to wear pattens. So there!

PS. These are pattens: 

Early 19th Century Pattens from Boston's Museum of Fine Art.

Early 19th Century Pattens from Boston’s Museum of Fine Art.

Pattens were used in Regency times to protect your shoes from mud, etc. Apparently everyone wore them because, well, the streets were made of dirt and full of horses. So you used pattens to elevate yourself above the muck.

Its just one of those little details that most people could care less about but since I happen to enamoured of this particular time in history, I think they are the COOLEST thing ever.

I almost want to recreate my own pair out of old wire clothes hangers.

Ok, I won’t.

My point is that there is a battle inherent within the genre of historical fiction: Historical vs. Fiction.

Every time I sit down to write, I have to decide: who will win? History or fiction?

Does my character don her pattens, as would be historically accurate? If so, do i describe the sound they make? Is it a metallic, ringing noise as she hits a cobble stone? Or is it more of a thud as they sink into soft dirt?

Do I spend hours researching this?

Do I make it up?

Or do I, in a fit of frustration, say FORGET THE #$%# PATTENS! Thus, losing a vital snippet of historical detail. (But, really, would modern readers care about them anyway?)

Does my novel need to come with a glossary of terms?

Is it going to be that kind of history novel?

How stringent am I going to be?

If i am too historical, my novel runs the risk of becoming a Ph.d history thesis. Or it may sound ‘too old-fashioned’.

If I am too fictional, my novel runs the risk of become ‘too modern’ and anachronistic.

It is a constant negotiation. I need to always find a middle ground that works for me.

Not too historically rigid. Not too fictionally soft.


This is not easy. And sometimes I wish I had set my novel in my current location, in current times, when I could just look around my living room to describe a fictional reality.

But, alas, I must instead peer at pictures like this and extrapolate what it would have been like to wear it…

From Ackermann's Repository 1813

From Ackermann’s Repository 1813

Oh, the burden!

PS For more glorious Regency fashion from Ackermann’s Repository, check out this site!


I Still Want This: A Research Hotline for Writers

January 13, 2015

There are times when I wish I could just hop on a plane and travel to London so I can do the research I need to do in person.

Of course, the internet is wonderful and I am able to be an ‘armchair’ traveller and move through space and time at the click of the button (a kind of writer version of Dr. Who).

Need to plan a Recency-era dinner party for my main character? No problem! Click.

Need to figure out what day of the week it was on October 3, 1813? No problem! Click.

Need to determine a possible carriage route to Whitechapel from Mayfair in nineteenth century London? No problem! Click.

Major battles of the Napoleon Wars? Click.

Maps of the Ottoman Empire in the 19th century? Click.

Male Regency hair styles? Click.

I can’t really complain. The internet has been good to me. It is my friend.


There are some things the internet just can’t provide.

For instance…my main character just walked into Lord Byron’s home at 8 St. James’ Street, London.

What does it look like inside?


The internet can’t seem to tell me.

Shall I try the old fashioned way…and reach for a book? Well, over the years, I have read many biographies on Lord B.

They love to talk about what happened and about the people involved.

But they rarely tell me what kind of wall paper decorated the walls during the time he lived at 8 St. James’ Street.

At least Google street view provides an idea of the exterior. (Thank you, internet!)

If I could fly to London, maybe I could figure out a way to step inside #8…

If there was a Research Hotline, maybe I could call it…and they could filter through all the letters, journals, books, academic articles, Ph.D theses and websites written to, from and about Lord Byron over the years and find me one detail, just one little detail, about how that place looked inside…

Oh well. Guess I will just have to use…MY IMAGINATION!


Trying to make Lord Byron fit: Writing about real people in fiction.

January 7, 2015

bryon comic

I have started my second novel in my Regency mystery series and, as I keep telling people, this one has a ‘guest star’: Lord Byron. *excited*

In my first mystery, I kept the famous people of the period on the periphery. Oh, I do a bit of name dropping: Prinny, Beau Brummell, The Duchess of Devonshire, etc. But that’s it. No one from ‘real life’ makes an appearance.

And while I base several of my characters on the antics of real life Regency people, my characters are wholly made up. Pure fiction.

There is freedom in this, I now realize.

As I wrote about in a previous blog, writing about a ‘real’ historical figure, especially one so beloved as Lord Byron, carries with it the high responsibility OF GETTING IT RIGHT.

I do not want mass emails and tweets from angry English Romantic Literature students berating me for maligning one of their idols.

So there’s that.

But now I see that I also must struggle with the constraints of biographical accuracy.

My second book in the series is set in late November, 1813. This date is necessary to an important plot point. I have no wish to change it.

However, Lord Byron, in his infinite wisdom, decided long ago to start keeping a journal on November 14th, 1813.

This journal is available on line.

(Yay! I get to read about the minutia of his day and can use it to make my novel more realistic. Yay!)

(Boo! What he actually does vs. what I want him to do do not match up very well. Boo!)

The day he was to meet my heroine (Friday, November 26th, 1813)  is documented as ‘a day missed’–so there is room for me, as a fiction writer, to play with.

However, in other entries, he mentions who he has visited or seen or dined with, so it makes one wonder why he would neglect to mention my character’s name. Her visit definitely makes an impression upon him. If it truly happened, he would surely write about it.

Of course, I am not trying to re-write history so much as present an ‘alternate’ history. An event that could have happened in Byron’s life. I want it to be believable.

So there must be a reason why he would not include her visit (and all that is to come after it) in his daily diary.


Here is my current puzzle piece, the one I am trying to make fit.

(Writing a novel is very much like taking a jumbled up puzzle set with no picture box and trying to turn it into a cohesive, whole picture that looks like something-that-is-sort-of recognizable…)

Lord Byron, you rascal you. Already, you fascinate and frustrate me!

Oh boy. This novel is going to be extra FUN!

(You know you’re a writer when…solving these sorts of puzzles will happily occupy your mind for days…and when you solve it, it is a total rush!)

As to solving it, I am open to any suggestions from the crowd! Thoughts? Any one else face this quandary? *help*


Describing First Person Narrators: This is Not A Fashion Show!

September 15, 2014

I recently had my manuscript read by test readers. One comment that came back indicated that I needed more description of my first person narrator at the beginning. She thought I described the other characters well in those first scenes…but:

What the heck did my heroine look like, hmmm?

Turns out I don’t describe my heroine’s physical characteristics until  the story really gets going…page 24, to be exact.

Why is this? I asked myself.

I realized I have a pet peeve. I dislike descriptions of first person narrators about as much as I dislike prologues, which is to say A LOT.

When I come across them in my readings of other books, I tend to eye roll because 9 times out of 10 the first person narrator is looking into a mirror and ‘fluffing out my long blond hair’ or ‘staring into my blue eyes pensively’ or ‘brushing my brunette bangs off my forehead’…or whatever.

OK I GET IT! I REALIZE YOUR EYE/HAIR COLOUR NOW! Thanks so much, narrator. Now bring me back to the story.

The other 9 times out of 10 I’m getting a fashion report. ‘I put on my jeans and a sweatshirt’ or ‘I decided to wear a turquoise halter top and a pair of black leather pants’ or ‘I couldn’t decide between the pink sweater or the leopard print one’…or whatever. Just get dressed and get out the #$@% door!


I think it’s because is seems so unnatural in first person narration. This mode of narrator is like listing to a friend. It’s very intimate, like they are right there with you, telling you a story over a cup of coffee…and when we share stories, we rarely stop to say: ‘so I looked in the mirror and put mascara on my long lashes to accent my startling green eyes’. Who says that in real life? Do you?

To me, description of any kind must be used judiciously (by which I mean, sparingly). Otherwise, it disrupts the flow. That’s why I tend to be a minimalist when it comes to description. I have been very  selective in my use of description, trying my best to a) use only as much as necessary (no mega paragraphs describing people, places and things) and b) incorporate it as much into the flow of the story, linking it to action, thoughts/observations.

This is tricky and I must confess to being a bit of a walking contradiction.

I avoided the ‘looking in the mirror’ tactic but page 24 has my first person narrator glancing at reflections in a window to compare/contrast her looks with another woman. (At last, she reveals her hair colour! Huzzah!)

I also must confess to describing her state of dress…but, for gods sake, this is the Regency period…have you SEEN what the women are wearing? I’ve spent hours researching women’s Regency wear, which is gorgeous, and also extremely important in the eyes of Regency Society, which is constantly evaluating the worth of both men and women by the cut of their cloth.

So, by god, whether it’s a pet peeve or not, that research is GOING IN THE BOOK.

It certainly is a delicate balance. I need to set the scene in the ‘minds eye’ of the reader and for that I need good, solid description. But too much and I worry I risk the reader’s annoyance.

(It can’t be a Regency Fashion Show!)

As to my beginning scenes, I went back to see if my first person narrator could throw in a few sentences about her looks. But there is so much going on in those first few scenes, it just didn’t seem to fit. It felt too awkward. Perhaps I’ll reconsider. But, for now, page 24 it is.

And is it wrong to have a vague impression of a character? Isn’t that how a reader can internalize a character, make them their own? Isn’t that why movies can sometimes ‘ruin’ books, by solidifying the looks of a character so firmly in the mind, they no longer became intimate/personal co-creations? (i.e.: Professor Snape will forever be Alan Rickman to everyone in the world who’s seen the HP films.)

What about you, fellow readers/writers? Thoughts?




Don’t Hate my Lord Byron Interpretation! aka In Writing, You Go Where You Must

June 8, 2014

real fictionI’m starting to think ahead to Book 2 in my Regency mystery series. And this time around I think I’d like to include some significant ‘real life’ Regency guest stars–namely Lord Byron and (my muse) Lady Caroline Lamb.

In my current novel (book 1) I was VERY careful to create only fictional Regency folk–with a little bit of ‘real life’ name dropping. I mention Prinney (the Prince Regent), Napoleon, Lord Byron and his publisher John MurrayBeau Brummell, and others. But they are only on the periphery. The background. They never take the stage.

I did this because I wanted the story to be 1st and foremost about my characters. I didn’t want any distraction caused by some famous person showing up.

Also, writing about a real life personage is A LOT of work involving a TON of research.

Which is why I’m now wondering: am I crazy to want to include Lord Bryon, a historical personage so overly fictionalized that he has his own reading list? see “Best Lord Byron Books”

Also, how can I possibly do him justice? There are a bunch of biographies solely devoted to trying to do him justice.

Also, how can I do justice to a person that is so beloved? Will English grads (and English professors) nation wide send me snarky letters, irate at my fumbling portrayal?

On the other hand–HOW CAN I RESIST?

My novels is set in the fall of 1813. THIS IS PRIME BYRON TIME Part 1! (Part 2 is when he hooks up with The Shelleys in 1816…but that is beyond my novel’s current time line.)

So just before my novel’s time line:

  • Byron publishes Childe Harold in March 1812 and ‘becomes famous’…
  • In March 1812 Byron and Caro Lamb start their mad cap, cross dressing, self stabbing, on/off again affair…
  • By the summer of 1813, Caro Lamb has embarrassed herself so badly in her conduct in this affair she is taken out of town…
  • In the summer of 1813 his half sister Augusta Leigh arrives…
  • In the fall Byron visits Newstead Abbey, returning to London Oct. 19 1813…

Which is right about the time of my novel. And not a lot happens to him between Oct-Nov.

What an intriguing lull! My writing instincts insist I must fill it! Imagine if my characters have a run in with the great Lord B! (*gleeful chuckle*)

And so–as is the way of writing–it doesn’t matter in the end what I think.

The decision is made for me.

I go where I must.


Choosing the Title of Your Novel: It’s Time to Name the Baby!

April 24, 2014

naming the babyI usually have no trouble choosing a title for a piece of work. The title typically comes before the work, or concurrently, and when it does, it seems right.

You can feel when a title is right. It sits in the gut in just the right way.

Not so my current novel. My opus of numerous years has remained title-less. When speaking of it I call it ‘my novel’ or ‘my regency romp’ or ‘my regency soap opera’.

It has no official name–yet.

I need to rectify that. I am nearing THE END, starting to cast my eye towards publishing, and I can’t keep calling it ‘my novel’, certainly not in my query letters to agents.

It’s time to name the baby!

But what do I name the baby?

I have no idea. Nothing from the novel itself leaps up. No particular saying or place.

I’m stumped.

I decided to try random associations, something I like to do when I’m stuck/have writer’s block.

I turned first to the tarot, randomly selecting a card. I got the card ‘judgement’. Reading through the meaning of Judgement,  this phrase stood out:


Ooooo, I thought. That might work! It fits with the story (several of my characters have their pasts rise up and bite them in the bum).

Plus, my novel is the first in a series and think of all the ways I could play around with ‘shadows’!

Shadows of the Past, Shadows of the Heart, Deep Shadows, etc.

But does this exemplify the quirkiness of my regency romp? Is it too common a turn of phrase? Does it stand out? Is it too hokey? Does it sound too ‘Harloquin Romance’?

So I kept hunting.

This time I plucked a few of my favourite era-ish themed books off the shelf, closed my eyes and chose a page.


Here are some of the phrases I found that could conceivably be turned into titles to fit my  novel:

From Gothic by Fred Botting (pg. 48):

  • Let Fancy Roam
  • A Certain Distance

From Frankenstein by Mary Shelley (pg.148):

  • Feeling Haunted
  • Impulses of the Moment

From Glenarvon by Lady Caroline Lamb (pg. 142):

  • The Meaning of That Glance
  • Jests of Fancy

From The Expedition of Humphrey Clinker by Tobias Smollett (pg. 70):

  • Uncommon Regard
  • Turned Tipsy Turvy (which has the benefit of alliteration! Always welcome in a title!)

I even tried randomly selecting a page from my own novel.

  • A Peculiar Message
  • Sitting in Solitude (more alliteration!)

None leap out at me as the one, I’m afraid.

I guess the next step is to write them all up on slips of paper, stick them in a hat and pull one out with my eyes closed?



In Which I Willingly Submit to a ‘Research Frenzy’

April 8, 2014


I decided I needed a different perspective. I took a break from writing THE END of my novel in order to go back over what I’ve already written.

In a previous post called ‘[Frame It] To Keep The Writing Flowing’, I talked about how I used the parentheses [ ] to mark those areas where I needed to add details or make decisions about phrasing.

Here’s an example:

Before dinner, I practiced [name of Mozart music] to perfection.

Well, going back over my work, I realized I had quite a few [  ] to fill in.

This lead me on an hours long research frenzy, where I looked up such things as:

  • money amounts of the Regency period and their corresponding modern day equivalents
  • men’s Regency hair styles
  • the Russo-Ottoman war of 1806-1812
  • a map of the Ottoman Empire
  • towns in the Lake District of England
  • Wordsworth’s time in the Lake District
  • Regency foods and menus
  • maps of London circa 1813 (which I painstakingly compared with Google maps of modern London in an attempt to establish a carriage route for my heroine to take from Mayfair to Whitechaple–I also tried to give my characters ‘authentic’ London residences)
  • deserts in Jordan one might go through en route to The Red Sea
  • names of Ships from England during the early 1800’s
  • heritage homes near Crawley UK
  • common names for the British gentry (which I then cheerfully bastardized into my own versions)
  • Beethoven piano sonatas (thank you youtube for posting so many sonatas so I can hear what they sound like!)
  • whether Istanbul was called Istanbul or Constantinople in 1813 (it’s Istanbul, apparently)
  • what year the Duchess of Devonshire visited Paris
  • wildflowers of England…that only bloom in summer!
  • common birds of England
  • historical Inns/Pubs in England
  • yearly calendars for 1813 and 1809

And a few more items than that, besides!

Isn’t it amazing, how a writer will not only obligingly look up the most arcane trivia in books or websites–but also be deliriously happy about it?

I consider those hours well spent, my friend. Hours well spent!

PS. Naturally, searching for arcane details is part of my You Know You’re A Writer When…12 Reasons! List

PPS. As much as I’ve enjoyed my hours of researching, I still would love for someone to move forward with my Research Hotline idea

PPPS I ended up making a ‘Regency Links’ page on this site, primarily to help myself out (so I wouldn’t have to search them out via Google all over again as I have been repeatedly doing through out this whole novel writing process) but also in case there are any other Regency Geeks out there who might like to see them. It’s on the side bar (scroll down to Other Useful Items) or click this link.

PPPPS And here are some invaluable Regency books I’ve collected over the years!

regency books pic






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